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In Iran, particularly in the sacred city of Qom, the tradition of Quranic schools, also known as "Hawzas" or "Madrasas," plays a significant role in shaping the educational and religious landscape. Qom, revered as one of the holiest cities in Shia Islam, is renowned for its theological institutions that attract students from Iran and beyond, seeking to deepen their understanding of Islamic teachings. The Hawzas in Qom trace their origins back centuries, embodying a rich heritage of Islamic scholarship. These schools focus on the comprehensive study of the Quran, Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), theology (kalam), and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and his family, particularly the twelve Imams in Shia Islam. Students in Qom's Hawzas, often referred to as "talabehs," follow a rigorous and demanding curriculum, dedicating several years to mastering the intricacies of Islamic theology and jurisprudence. The learning process is characterized by a strong emphasis on memorization and interpretation of the Quran, along with discussions and debates on various aspects of Islamic thought. Qom, home to numerous prominent scholars and Ayatollahs, has earned its reputation as an intellectual center for Shia Islam. The city's Hawzas not only serve as educational institutions but also as centers of religious guidance and spiritual mentorship. Students are not only taught academic subjects but are also encouraged to embody ethical values, fostering a holistic approach to their education. Qom's Hawzas have evolved to incorporate modern educational methods alongside traditional teachings. The integration of technology and contemporary academic disciplines has aimed to provide students with a well-rounded education, preparing them for the challenges of the modern world while maintaining a strong connection to Islamic principles. The significance of Qom's Quranic schools extends beyond Iran's borders, attracting students from various countries, creating a diverse and cosmopolitan environment within the Hawzas. This international presence contributes to a global exchange of ideas and perspectives, enriching the overall educational experience. Qom's Quranic schools stand as pillars of Islamic education, preserving and transmitting the teachings of Islam to the next generation. The city's Hawzas blend tradition with modernity, fostering an environment where students not only gain profound knowledge of their faith but also develop the skills needed to engage with the complexities of the contemporary world.

©2001 by Massimo Sciacca - All rights reserved

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